• Car traffic is the main source of air pollution in big cities. Significant amounts of nitrogen oxides and CO emissions are emitted by cars, as well as a large part of the amounts of particulate matter. Larger dust particles consist of dust suspended from roads and streets, while the exhaust gases of cars emit mainly fine dust particles. Between 80 and 90% of nitrogen oxide emissions are due to road traffic. In fact, car traffic is a source of air pollution all year round.
  • Domestic heating with wood and coal can be a significant source of emissions (fine dust particles, benzene) in the cold winter days. Not all residential complexes in Burgas are connected to a central heating system. In the city center, unheated residential complexes and in the surrounding villages, wood heating is the most common method of domestic heating. These sources can contribute a significant share of fine particulate matter emissions.
  • Lukoil Neftochim Burgas AD is the largest refinery in the country. Refineries can be a source of a wide range of pollutants (fine dust particles, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide), both from production processes and from accidental emissions from leaks and from the tank farm.
  • Construction and repair activities are a source of pollution with dust and fine dust particles. Dust generated from construction sites or non-paved roads is re-distributed by air turbulence created by cars or wind and can become an environmental problem. The main part of the dust is coarse particles that are deposited near the roadway (within 10 to 20 meters). Less than 10 percent of the dust remains suspended as fine dust particles (PM10) and contributes to air pollution on a larger scale.
  • Industry – on the territory of Burgas operate several industrial enterprises, as they also contribute to air pollution, including fine dust particles.
  • The main air pollutants in urban areas are nitrogen oxides (especially NO2), originating from internal combustion engines and particulate matter, the source of which is domestic heating, exhaust gases from cars and particulate matter on the road surface.



One more new educational institution opened its doors 2018 in Burgas. The Vocational School of Coding and Innovations had its start in the 2018/2019 school year.​

The campus for the new school is that of the former Professional Technical School in the “Meden Rudnik” Housing Complex of Burgas. To meet the requirements all the buildings, facilities and the big dorm which is part of the complex have been completely renovated.​

In the first year 104 students were enrolled in the 8th grade. They will study in the professional field of “Computer Sciences”, job title “Programmer”, specialization in „Software Maintenance“ and “Applied Programming”. Students will enroll after finishing their 7th grade studies, and study at the school for 5 years.​

Today we are 320 Student and 30 Teachers.​




Undoubtedly climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time, which will increasingly affect humanity in the coming years. At the same time, climate change directly affects not only us, humans, but also biodiversity, the planet’s ecosystems, and hence the resources and other “benefits” that humanity has from nature (eg access to water, food, regulation and emergence). of new pests, diseases, and drugs,).

On average, an adult inhales about 10,000 liters of air per day. In this sense, the quality of the air we breathe is of great importance to our health. Today, in the big cities of Bulgaria and Europe, polluted air is a real threat to people.

The term “air pollution” applies to various pollutants – chemical, physical, biological or other, which in some way affect and change the natural characteristics of the atmosphere and affect human health and the environment. Everywhere air pollution affects the quality of life, unfortunately reflecting in the registered cases with lethal outcomes and the increased number of respiratory diseases.

The control of the levels of atmospheric pollutants creates preconditions for management and improvement of the air quality in accordance with the current regulations, as the final effect, which is aimed at reducing the negative impact and improving the air quality.

Our group on the project “Future cities smart and sustainable solutions” realised an online meeting with Municipality Bourgas to collect information about the measures that have been taken by the municipality and make and keep the city air clean. We have understood that it has won a European project which is called “Bulgarian municipalities work together to improve the quality of the atmospheric air”

In the current stage – Pilot phase, the developed approach for replacement of the old stoves will be applied for the first time, and a total of 80 households will be covered.

Within the project, the Municipality of Burgas is provided free replacement of old heating appliances with wood and coal for 1,994 households with environmentally-friendly forms of heating: gas, central heating, and pellets.

Our students and teachers have learned that there are three stations- one mobile and two stationary that measure the quality of the air in town.

At the beginning of the heating season, the Mobile Air Quality Control Station is already located in the Central City Hall, on Oborishte Street, opposite the Criminal Parking Lot. In automatic mode, continuous 24-hour measurements are performed for the concentrations of basic and specific air pollutants – benzene, styrene, hydrogen sulfide, ozone, sulfur, and nitrogen oxides, as well as fine dust particles. Real-time access to the monitoring data is provided, as detailed information on the limit values ​​for each pollutant is available through the website of the municipality at, Section “Environment”, Atmospheric air quality in Burgas .create

It was a very interesting meeting and we will use the information in our work on the project to create our smart and sustainable solutions. We were promised to have some other meetings with the hospitable municipality members to understand what is going on with the other natural components in our city.